Civil War in Augusta

While the Civil War raged all across the South and Sherman marched through Georgia, Augusta was relatively untouched by the violence. A major manufacturing center during the war, Augusta provided the Confederacy with cotton, food, munitions and other necessary goods.

Augusta became the centerpiece of the Confederate’s gunpowder production with the construction of the Confederate Powder Works, the only permanent structure commissioned by the Confederate government. It grew to become 26 buildings along two miles of the canal and produced 2.75 million pounds of gunpowder. The chimneys of the Powder Works are the last surviving structures built by the Confederate States of America.

Although Sherman never arrived in Augusta, the city made preparations for battles that never came. Today, visitors can still see the fortifications to the brick walls at Magnolia Cemetery. Soldiers and seven Confederate generals are buried there, including Porter Alexander, Robert E. Lee’s famous artillery commander.

Augusta Presbyterian, whose minister was the father of President Woodrow Wilson, became a hospital. Pews were removed to make way for the wounded from Chickamauga and other inland battles, and the dead were buried in Magnolia Cemetery.

Today, you can take a Civil War-themed boat tour along the Augusta Canal, visit the Confederate Monument, Magnolia Cemetery (resting place of many confederate soldiers and a few generals), the Boyhood Home of President Woodrow Wilson, who grew up in Augusta during the Civil War, and Confederate Powderworks.

History of Augusta, Georgia

Founded in 1736 on the western bank of the Savannah River, Augusta, Georgia became the second town of the 13th British colony. General James Edward Oglethorpe, the colony’s founder, ordered the settlement and chose its location at the head of navigation of the Savannah River below the shoals created by the fall line. Oglethorpe’s vision was to establish an interior trading post for purchasing furs and other commodities from Native Americans to compete with New Savannah Town, a small outpost on the South Carolina side of the river.

Augusta thrived as a trading post from the beginning, with several of the South Carolina traders moving their base of operations to the new settlement. By 1739 a fort was completed, and the official surveyor of the colony, Noble Jones, laid out the town. Its colonial plan was similar, but not as elaborate as the one used in Savannah. Augusta’s plan focused on one large square or plaza and was four streets deep and three streets wide. Fort Augusta was adjacent to the 40 town lots on the west side near the river. Augusta named two of its original streets for Georgia’s colonial governors: Reynolds Street for John Reynolds, and Ellis Street for Henry Ellis. These streets are still prominent features of the Downtown Augusta, Broad Street, and Pinched Gut Historic Districts.

Ezekial Historic
Harris-Pearson-Walker House
Historic Augusta, Inc

As traders populated the town, they brought their wives and began to have children. The desire for a more civilized atmosphere dictated the need for a church. As a British colony, Georgia petitioned the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel for a minister after constructing a church building in 1749. The first minister, the Reverend Jonathan Copp, arrived in 1751 and began conducting services according to the rites of the Church of England. After Georgia’s division into parishes in 1756, the Augusta District fell into St. Paul’s Parish, and the Augusta church became known as St. Paul’s Church.

During the French and Indian wars, refugees from the surrounding countryside came to Augusta, taking shelter in the fort and church. The building suffered significant damage in that period and was replaced in the 1760s. Soldiers coming to Georgia during the war spread the word about fresh lands, and in the early 1770s new settlers arrived to claim land grants in the surrounding countryside. Many had formerly been tobacco planters in Virginia and the Carolinas. They transported their tobacco culture to Georgia, where tobacco soon became the main cash crop of the colony. In approximately 1797, one of the last important tobacco merchants in Augusta built the Ezekiel Harris House (also known as the Harris-Pearson-Walker House), which is representative of that nearly forgotten economic factor in Georgia’s history.

Augusta played a significant role in the American Revolution as one of the westernmost towns in the 13 British colonies. The first of the two battles fought here, the Siege of the White House, resulted in the hanging of 13 patriot soldiers by Tory forces under Colonel Thomas Browne. After the second, called the Siege of Augusta, patriot forces, under the command of General “Light Horse” Harry Lee, retook the town. The British erected Fort Cornwallis on the site of the former Fort Augusta and in the process destroyed St. Paul’s Church. After the Revolution, a new church, built between 1786 and 1789 and lasting until 1820, served all denominations, although much of the time it had a resident Episcopal minister. The present building, the fifth on the site, dates from 1918 after a terrible conflagration destroyed 30 city blocks in 1916.

During the Revolutionary War, the original town plan of Augusta expanded to the south, east, and west. At that time, the city named new streets for important Revolutionary War generals. Washington Street (now 6th Street) on the west was for General George Washington; McIntosh Street (now 7th Street) was for General Lachlan McIntosh; Jackson Street (8th Street) was for General James Jackson. All are now within the Augusta Downtown Historic District. Elbert Street (now 4th Street) to the east was for General Samuel Elbert; and Lincoln Street (now 3rd Street) was for General Benjamin Lincoln. Both of these now lie within the boundaries of the Pinched Gut Historic District. Greene Street on the south, named for General Nathaniel Greene, is a major artery that bisects both the Augusta Downtown and Pinched Gut Historic Districts.

St. Pauls
St. Paul’s Episcopal Church
Historic Augusta, Inc.

After the Revolution Augusta became the temporary capital of the new state of Georgia between 1786 and 1795, and many of the leaders of the government moved to the town. One of the most notable was George Walton, a Signer of the Declaration of Independence, who built his home, Meadow Garden, on what was then the outskirts of town. Walton held many important offices, including Governor and Judge. Walton Way, named in his honor, is the main artery through the Summerville Historic District, a suburban village originally laid out by Walton in the 1790s. In 1799 Christopher Fitzsimmons, a prosperous Charleston shipbuilder, built another outlying plantation house on his productive Savannah River plantation, the Fitzsimmons-Hampton House on Sand Bar Ferry Road. Henry Turknett lived at College Hill, another 1790s house, on property once owned by George Walton, who hoped to have the University of Georgia built there. Turknett Springs, located behind the house, provided Augusta’s first municipal drinking water, piped down the hill in hollowed out logs beginning in the 1820s.

The town continued to grow in size and population governed by a group of Trustees of the Academy of Richmond County. In 1791 they added Telfair Street, named for Georgia Governor Edward Telfair. Telfair Street today is another major artery through the Augusta Downtown and Pinched Gut Historic Districts. President George Washington’s visit in 1791 was a highlight of this period. Legend has it that Augustans planted the large ginkgo tree in his honor at the proposed site of the Richmond County Courthouse, constructed in 1801 and now known as the Old Government House. The Trustees of the Academy built a new school building in 1802, the old Academy of Richmond County.

Augusta’s first suburb, part of the Augusta Downtown Historic District, was originally the village of Springfield, developed on lands confiscated from James Grierson, a Tory during the Revolutionary War. Captain Leonard Marbury laid out lots there on the west side of Augusta and built some houses. Augusta included Springfield within the city limits at the time of its incorporation in 1798. Because of their displacement from the Silver Bluff Plantation in South Carolina during the Revolution, a large population of free African Americans settled in Springfield by 1787. They established the Springfield Baptist Church there, one of the oldest independent black congregations in the United States.

GHIA
Gertrude Herbert Institute of Art (Ware’s Folly)
Historic Augusta, Inc.

After the seat of the state government moved to Louisville and subsequently to Milledgeville, Augusta continued to grow fulfilling the prediction of William Bartram, the naturalist, who said it would become the metropolis of Upper Georgia during his visit of 1774. Robert Mills, America’s first native-born architect, won the competition to design the First Presbyterian Church built between 1809 and 1812. Nicholas Ware built Ware’s Folly (Gertrude Herbert Institute of Art) in 1818 in the Federal style, reportedly for the astounding cost of $40,000.

As Georgia expanded westward and the states of Alabama and Mississippi attracted many of its prosperous planters, Augusta’s economy began to stagnate. The Charleston and Hamburg Railroad in South Carolina reached a point directly across the Savannah River from the heart of downtown Augusta in 1832. In 1833 the Georgia Railroad, chartered in Athens, Georgia, began building westward from Augusta toward a yet unnamed settlement that would eventually become Atlanta. Constructing the railroad attracted an Irish immigrant population to Augusta that has an important presence in the city today. Many were Roman Catholics, who joined the already well established Church of the Most Holy Trinity, founded in 1810 by French Catholics who settled in Augusta after the slave revolts on the island of San Domingo in the 1790s. For years the church’s name was Saint Patrick after its patron saint, in deference to its large Irish population.

The railroad did not ensure Augusta’s future, as the tug on Americans to move westward grew ever stronger, but other factors had a positive impact on the city. Spurred by the invention in 1793 of the cotton gin, local farmers grew upland cotton in the surrounding countryside making Augusta the center of a large inland cotton market. They shipped their cotton to the port of Savannah via cotton boats down the Savannah River, or overland to Charleston on the South Carolina Railroad. Henry Cumming advanced the idea of manufacturing cotton goods locally. He proposed building a canal for waterpower following the example of Lowell, Massachusetts. Constructed in 1845, the Augusta Canal attracted flourmills, cotton mills, iron works, and other manufacturing establishments along its banks. By the time of the Civil War, Augusta was one of the few industrial centers in the South. The Historic Augusta Canal and Industrial District represents the economic salvation of Augusta from the 1840s until well into the 20th century.
brahe
Brahe House
Rebecca Rogers

Augusta prospered again on the eve of the Civil War as evidenced by several buildings and homes constructed during that period. Noted architect, Charles Blaney Cluskey, who lived in Augusta at the time, designed the Old Medical College of Georgia built on Telfair Street in 1835 to house the state’s first medical school. The Brahe House, a fine example of a typical house type in Augusta known as the Sand Hills Cottage, was the creation in 1850 of German immigrant and jeweler, Frederick Brahe. Later it became the first house in town to have electric lighting. Suburban Summerville Historic District became the summer residence of choice for wealthy Augustans, who believed it was healthier due to its higher elevation and lack of mosquitoes. Two fine houses there are the 1849 Reid-Jones-Carpenter House and the Gould-Weed House, circa 1860. Dennis Redmond, a noted horticultural editor, constructed Fruitlands in 1853 on his Washington Road plantation, which became famous under the ownership of the Berckmans family as a fine nursery and still more famous in the 20th century as the clubhouse for the Augusta National Golf Club.

The Confederate government established the Confederate States Powder Works on the Augusta Canal in 1862, at the present site of Sibley Mill. A United States Arsenal, erected in approximately the same location in 1819, moved to the village of Summerville in 1827, after the commandant determined it a healthier location. The original arsenal buildings remain largely intact as the centerpiece of Augusta State University, with the Commandant’s House, known as the Stephen Vincent Benét House, used as an administration building. During the Civil War, gunpowder made at the powder works was moved to the arsenal to pack munitions sent to soldiers in the field.

Augusta served as a major center of the Confederacy, providing cotton goods, shoes, guns, munitions, food, and many other commodities. In addition, the city was a religious center of the South hosting meetings for the formation of both the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Confederate States of America at St. Paul’s Church, and the Presbyterian Church in the Confederate States at First Presbyterian Church. The meeting took place there at the invitation of its pastor, Reverend Joseph Ruggles Wilson, who lived with his family in the parsonage, the Woodrow Wilson Boyhood Home. Next door to the future President’s home was the parsonage of First Christian Church, home of future U.S. Supreme Court Justice Joseph R. Lamar. Wilson and Lamar, both sons of prominent Augusta pastors, were best friends as children.
Mill
King Mill
Rebecca Rogers
Augusta Canal National Heritage Area

Following the Civil War, Augusta’s economy struggled but rebounded with the enlargement and expansion of the Augusta Canal in 1875. Several large new cotton mills were built along its banks. The old 18th century village of Harrisburg gained new life, as a large mill village grew around the Harris-Pearson-Walker House. Continuing expansion to the west, the City of Augusta completed its first major annexation in 1880 by taking in what is now the Harrisburg—West End Historic District.

Many of Augusta’s Irish immigrants lived in a section of town then known as Dublin. The surrounding streets developed as enclaves for various immigrant groups in the 19th century, including African Americans. By the turn of the 20th century, because of Jim Crow laws legalizing segregation, this area, the Laney—Walker North Historic District, became predominantly black. A few blocks to the south is the Bethlehem Historic District, created in the late 19th and early 20th centuries exclusively by and for African Americans. The Sand Hills Historic District, adjacent to Summerville, is another historically black neighborhood that developed parallel to a predominantly white business and residential area after the Civil War.

As the old city continued to expand, most religious denominations realized the need to establish a second congregation in the western end of the city, and often a third or fourth in the suburban areas. Consequently, the Church of the Most Sacred Heart established at Greene and McKinne (13th) streets in 1874 became the second Roman Catholic parish in Augusta. A magnificent new building was constructed between 1898 and 1900 beside the original church, which became a school. Greene Street Presbyterian Church, founded in 1875, was an attempt by the First Presbyterian congregation to expand its influence. Curtis Baptist Church, also founded in the 1870s, and Saint James Methodist Church, dating from the 1850s, were other examples of efforts to evangelize in the city. Most denominations also established a church presence in Laney—Walker, Bethlehem, Harrisburg, Summerville and Sand Hills in the late 19th or early 20th centuries.

Set up in 1874, the Augusta Cotton Exchange moved to an impressive permanent headquarters building constructed in 1887 in the Queen Anne style. With the expansion of the Augusta Canal, the city was once again a thriving center of a cotton economy. Cotton warehouses lined Reynolds Street between St. Paul’s Church on the east and 9th Street on the west. One can still find the last cotton warehouses, now converted to restaurants and shops, along 9th Street in the Augusta Downtown Historic District. Mills along the Augusta Canal manufactured cotton goods, including the antebellum Augusta Factory (razed in the 1960s), Enterprise Mill, Sutherland Mill, King Mill, and Sibley Mill.

Partridge Inn
The Partridge Inn Exterior at Night
The Partridge Inn

A horse drawn street car was first put into operation in 1866, connecting the neighborhoods that now comprise the Pinched Gut, Augusta Downtown, Broad Street, Harrisburg—West End, and Summerville Historic Districts. In 1890, electrified streetcars provided more access between Augusta’s neighborhoods and its suburbs. This development also sparked Augusta’s tourist industry with the construction of the original Bon Air Hotel in Summerville in 1889-90. The Bon Air attracted wealthy northerners who wanted to escape harsh winters. Soon Summerville had a lively cottage industry of winter boarding houses.

The Partridge Inn emerged from one of these boarding houses, evolving into its present state over a period of thirty years. Pleased with the southern climate, some of the winter visitors built their own homes, or remodeled or enlarged existing cottages in Summerville. Golf came to the village when the hotel established the Bon Air Links as a recreational opportunity for its guests. This course, originally sand, became the Augusta Country Club in 1899. Forrest Hills Hotel and Golf Course, laid out to the west of Summerville in the 1920s, had a complete automobile suburb featuring curving brick streets and Georgian Revival estates on large lots.

Founded in the early 1930s, Augusta National Golf Club is on the Fruitlands property on Washington Road west of Augusta on the northern border of Summerville. Also in the ’30s, the club established the Masters Golf Tournament, which has become golf’s premier event in the United States.

A military town since its beginning as a military outpost in the 1730s, Augusta served as a place of refuge in the French and Indian War and passed back and forth between American and British hands during the Revolution. The city hosted a United States Arsenal beginning in 1819. During the Civil War, it was a center of military preparedness, supplies, industrial output, and support of Confederate troops from the domestic front. The United States government established Camp McKenzie at Augusta during the Spanish American War and Camp Hancock in World War I.

In 1940 shortly before the United States entered World War II, the Federal Government founded Camp Gordon about 10 miles from downtown Augusta in south Richmond County in an area historically known as Pinetucky. After the war started, Augusta became a major military town again. Available space became additional housing, with many of the antebellum and Victorian homes converted to apartment buildings. The resort hotels became year-round commercial hotels. Soldiers in uniform were everywhere. The old arsenal buzzed with activity with high security around the clock. Augusta would never be quite the same.

After the war, subdivisions began spreading to the west, south, and east of town. Camp Gordon became a permanent installation, Fort Gordon, the home of the United States Army Signal Corps. In the 1950s, the Army Corps of Engineers finally dammed the Savannah River upstream from Augusta to curtail the periodic flooding that occurred and to generate electricity. The U.S. Government also built the Savannah River Plant in nearby Aiken and Barnwell Counties, South Carolina. These three governmental expansions of post World War II Augusta generated an economic boom reflected in the modern commercial buildings constructed in the Augusta Downtown Historic District. Yet this economic boost for the region eventually caused downtown Augusta to decline, particularly after two shopping malls, both with approximately 1,000,000 square feet, opened within one week of one another in 1978.

Broad St
Downtown Historic District – Broad Street
Georgia Department of Economic Development Tourism Division

Today, Augusta’s downtown is on the rebound with shops and restaurants opening on Broad Street and near the river and many facades of historic buildings restored. An Artists Row helped stimulate new energy and became the impetus for a monthly street festival known as First Friday. A reclaimed levee built in the 1910s to hold back the worst floodwaters from the Savannah River is now a park called the Riverwalk. Between 5th and 10th streets, the park has outdoor historical exhibits, developed in the 1980s and 1990s, to interpret the city’s history. Regular festivals are held near the Riverwalk and on a new green space called the Augusta Common, which is in the 800 block of Broad Street. The Augusta Common features a statue of Georgia and Augusta founder James Edward Oglethorpe. A second statue of soul singer James Brown of Augusta overlooks the Common from Broad Street.

History of Augusta, Georgia

Location
Augusta, Georgia, located in the east central section of the state, is approximately 150 miles east of Atlanta on Interstate 20. The Savannah River serves as the boundary between Augusta and Aiken County, South Carolina. Augusta’s current population is about 200,000. Neighboring Columbia County is home to about 100,000. Along with several other Georgia and South Carolina counties the region is known as the Central Savannah River Area, commonly referred to as the CSRA and is home to approximately half a million people. Augusta is Georgia’s second oldest and second largest city, founded during the British colonial period as a trading outpost.

How We Started
Augusta has a rich history dating as far back as the early 1700s. The settlement was established in 1736 by British General James Oglethorpe, and named in honor of the bride of Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales. Built on the flat slopes of the Savannah River, in the area now known as Summerville, Augusta was also home to many neighboring tribes of Creek and Cherokee Indians. A pivotal site during the Revolutionary and Civil Wars, Augusta also boasts the only structure ever built by the Confederate States of America, the site of the old Confederate Powderworks.

With the construction of the Augusta Canal in 1847, Augusta became the second largest inland cotton market in the world during the cotton boom. Augusta has nine neighborhoods on the National Register of Historic Places, and several historic monuments and cemeteries.

Significant Structures
Augusta served as the state capital of Georgia from 1785 until 1795, and has many historically significant homes and buildings, such as the Cotton Exchange, established in 1872; the boyhood home of Woodrow Wilson (28th president of the United States); Ezekiel Harris House (1797); George Walton home (signer of the Declaration of Independence) and Springfield Baptist Church, the oldest African American church in America.

Springfield Historic District Mitigation
Recent road improvements in downtown Augusta have brought attention to the Springfield Historic District. For additional information click here.

Augusta Today
In 1996 the City of Augusta consolidated with Richmond County to form Augusta-Richmond County. This consolidated governing body consists of a Mayor and 10 Augusta-Richmond County commissioners. Augusta-Richmond County is one of only three consolidated governments in Georgia.

Augusta is perhaps best known as home of the Masters Golf Tournament held the first full week in April. The area is also a center for medicine, manufacturing, and military.

New York pond

My friend’s pond in the Grand Gorge / Stamford / Gilboa, New York area. I guess it’s technically Gilboa since that is their mailing address, but searching for directions on Google maps it comes up as Stamford.

This pond is spring fed. They stock it with bass and perch every couple of years, so it’s literally full of easy to catch fish, some large, some small.

The pond empties into a small swampy area in the back. Which in turn drains into Mine Kill, which goes into Mine Kill Falls and thus into Schoharie Creek. All in all its a very beautiful, very quiet area and neat place to visit.

News stories about Georgia governor candidate Michael Williams

Georgia 2018: Pro-Trump loyalist Michael Williams enters governor race June 1, 2017

Another sign of his pro-Trump loyalties: He hired Seth Weathers, who briefly led Trump’s Georgia campaign operation, as his chief strategist.
In his announcement, Williams said he would use a “significant sum” of his personal fortune in his gubernatorial run. And he criticized Republicans for failing to pass “basic conservative legislation” – such as school choice and deeper tax cuts – despite controlling the statehouse for over a decade.

Williams closed by saying he had a “long” list of complaints against Cagle, the only rival he mentioned. He just wasn’t ready to say what those complaints were. “Your days are numbered,” Williams threatened.
With that, the state senator opened the floor to questions, answering none of them. After three or four reporters had tried and failed, he dropped the mic.
And then Williams skedaddled. Out the south doors of the Capitol and down the stairs with his campaign manager.

Funds roll in for local candidates July 18, 2017

Since the first of June when he announced a bid for governor, Forsyth County state Sen. Michael Williams has raked in $1 million, according to a report released by the Georgia Government Transparency and Campaign Finance Commission.
Of that amount, $1 million was a personal loan from Williams, half from him personally and half from his business, LPW Investments.

Protest planned to demand dismissal of teacher who said students couldn’t wear Trump shirts in class September 17, 2017

Michael Williams said in a statement that he is upset about, “the administration’s refusal to fire liberal activist teacher, Lyn Orletsky.”

GOP candidate for governor: Bump stock ‘prevented more casualties’ in Las VegaOctober 17, 2017

Williams is giving away a bump stock to a “lucky winner”

Cryptocurrency servers missing from gubernatorial candidate’s Gainesville business office May 10, 2018

About $300,000 worth of cryptocurrency mining servers were stolen from gubernatorial candidate Michael Williams’ office in Gainesville either late Tuesday night, May 8, or early Wednesday, May 9, according to campaign spokesman Seth Weathers.
Williams, a Republican state senator from Cumming, owns LPW Investments, a business with a server farm, at 2365 Monroe Drive in Gainesville, Weathers said. Weathers said the campaign has been using additional space in the building, although the servers were not kept in the campaign’s side of the building.

The servers process transactions for a service fee, Weathers said.




Candidate for governor uses ‘deportation bus’ as campaign ad May 15, 2018

“I’ve met Michael Williams before. I think he’s a nice guy. He’s taking bad advice from his campaign consultants and he shouldn’t do it,” Terry said.

Channel 2 political analyst Bill Crane said all of this is designed to generate buzz for the Williams’ campaign in the final days before the primary.

He’s campaigning for governor of Georgia on a ‘deportation bus’ May 17, 2018



Williams’ ‘deportation bus’ tour hits a few bumps in the road May 17, 2018

The state senator is one of five GOP candidates in Tuesday’s primary for governor, and recent polls show him at 3 percent of support.


Georgia Primary Election Results August 8, 2018

Williams came in last place for the republican candidacy during the 2018 Georgia Primary Election

Indicted on three felony charges

Former Ga. candidate for governor indicted December 20, 2018 

Williams, a Forsyth County Republican who remains in office until January, declined to comment. His former campaign manager, Seth Weathers, said it was a “political witch hunt” and is without merit.
“I guess it’s the price you pay for being a fearless conservative,” said Weathers, invoking a campaign slogan. “Like they say, a grand jury can indict a ham sandwich.”

‘Deportation bus’ candidate’s rocky ride began long before criminal charges December 23, 2018

The senator told politicos shortly after the runoff that he had cut ties with Weathers, and his attorney reinforced that position. Richman made clear Saturday that Weathers’ comments “do not reflect my team’s position.”

https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js

‘Deportation Bus’ State Senator Michael Williams Turns Himself In To Jail December 26, 2018

Williams, who was indicted on Dec. 20, is accused of lying when he reported to police that $300,000 computer servers were stolen from his campaign office before his failed primary bid back in May.



Michael Williams, former candidate for governor now accused of fraud, turns himself in to Hall County Jail December 26, 2018

According to the indictment, Williams is accused of “claiming that computer servers were stolen from his place of business, when in fact they were not” when filing an insurance claim to The Hartford.

Georgia Republican who campaigned for governor in ‘deportation bus’ reports to jail December 27, 2018

Williams – who called himself the “most outspoken anti-illegal candidate in Georgia’s history” in a campaign ad – traveled the state in the gray bus, which featured messages reading, “Follow me to Mexico” and “Danger: Murderers, rapists, kidnappers, child molesters and other criminals on board.”

Georgia ‘deportation bus’ GOP candidate reports to jail December 27, 2018

He once offered rides on the ‘deportation bus.’ Now he’s had to turn himself in on fraud charges December 27, 2018

Williams is accused of lying to a Georgia Bureau of Investigation agent and making a false insurance claim about the incident, WSB reported.
A.J. Richman, Williams’ attorney, said his client is adamant he didn’t do anything wrong.
“While he was campaigning for governor around the state of Georgia, he was informed that the cryptocurrency machines in his office were gone,” Richman told CNN. “Sen. Williams’ staff filed a police report in May. Here we are, more than six months later, and now Sen. Williams is indicted. Because the grand jury process is secret, and only involves the prosecutor and the police officer, we are not privy to what was said at that time. The officer gives his side of the story, and we are not allowed to listen, comment, cross-examine the officer or present our side until trial.”


‘Deportation Bus’ gubernatorial candidate turns himself in on fraud charges December 27, 2018 

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An evening with w0rmer

I recently had the opportunity to ask a hacker named w0rmer a bunch of questions;

What’s your favorite beer?

Man, ONE favorite beer?

Oberon from Founders, in fact just about any from founders, I’m a Michigan beer guy. Most Oatmeal stouts are also up there and just about ANY “weird” beer ill drink once, one of my favs was a chocolate pretzel beer that ive yet to find again.

Have you ever been on a brewery tour?

I have not, which I assume makes me pretty uncool, but I would like to try it.

If you could tell yourself one thing to yourself ten years ago, what would it be?

Save that money!! It seems most of the problems I face trace back to not having enough. Also, invest in amazon!

What’s the worst job you’ve ever had?

In my way younger years I worked at a fast food chain, pretty shitty job. Had lots of fun with the people I worked with tho.

Favorite movie, and why?

Sneakers, Matrix, Hackers. The why should be obvious, I’m old! Haha no but I am much more of a reader so when it comes to movies I like to mash my stuff together, action, tech, and techno music of all sorts.

What kind of reading do you prefer?

Fantasy or technical reading is my favorite , if NoStarch makes it id likely like to read it or already own it.

What’s your favorite electronic device? 

Hrm, I would have to say my laptops, I have a few which vary on need but in general I love the ability to have all my tools in one spot and just pop up and start hacking.

Tell me about a completely pointless script you’ve written for entertainment

Ive written so many scripts but none were really pointless, I did have one that ran on some of my production servers that would erase history randomly but I disabled it after awhile because that shit got annoying.

Twitter vs Facebook, which is better?

Hrm, depends. Twitter is where I can be fun and serious but facebook is reserved for my close friends and family.

Do you think Twitter and Facebook have had an influence on the way people think in context of politics? How?

        I think social media as a whole has. You have much more of a hive mind possible. Anyone who has used chat services like AOL/IRC from back in the day understands, you FELT like you were talking to everyone in the world but understood you weren’t, now days you think your talking to a few and it turns out everyone is listening.

What’s your dream car?

The wife will tell you a panel van, which honestly, is pretty close, id like a huge mobile bunker where I could run all my tech and tour the country because I’m a nomad and a hermit but the family has needs!

SpaceX or NASA?

SpaceX AND Nasa! Cool story that few know, it was actually my grandmother who introduced me to computers when at the time she worked for a contractor at NASA doing EEG’s. I kinda feel I owe them some love for that. SpaceX because I want them to take my family and I to mars.

Have you ever rollerbladed while on your way to go hack something?

Umm cant say I haven’t, BUT to be fair, I have WANTED TO! I did roller blade when I was younger but it was more xgames type stuff, grinding on things, jumping off things etc. I can say that at least twice I use rollerblades WHILE doing hacking stuff. I once used them to skate down to an AT&T building and dumpster dive and another time to check phone lines to see if they were active to make calls.

That’s very Mitnikesque, have you read any of his books?

Yes I have, but while he happily friended me on twitter and linkedin he has YET to have a beer with me despite me constantly hounding him like a 13yr old fan girl. I don’t get it.

Why is RSS deprecated?

They really aren’t. I mean, I happen to use RSS all the time #HIGSEC as you know is powered by them essentially but evolution has taken its toll on them which leads to other forms of the same stuff. News feeds and the like are little more then RSS feeds and twitter tuned right is simply a live streamed always on RSS feed if you think about it.

Have you experimented with public APIs? If so, name one that you found interesting.

Twitter API is pretty scary, a lot of data gets piped out at ya. Same with pastebin, your processing tons of data and at one point you look at it all and its just astounding.

If you could pick one thing about the internet you hate the most, what would it be?

Hate. When I was growing up the internet was a dangerous place for sure but few were actually outwardly hateful just for the sake of it. Having an internet grudge back in the early 2000’s wasn’t as bad and the people still had limits. These days people have a lot more time to spill hate and truthfully I believe it goes against what the internet was created for which is to exchange ideas and information for the betterment of all.

What are your thoughts on copyrights?

I believe all software should be free until you can afford to buy it. I should be able to use any software I want and if I can afford it, then I will/should buy it/donate to the project.

If you could pick one thing about the internet you love the most, what would it be?

Memes, I think there are lots of times when your experiencing life when you tell yourself Yup, I feel ya, when ya see a dumpster on fire and thanks to memes I can convey that to others.

teh epic boobs that led to w0rmer’s downfall

 What’s the best part about being married to an Australian?

I would have to say the worldliness of them. All the cultures that I personally would like to experience they deal with on a much more daily basis it seems. Plus, she’s smart and hot so I mean, kind of won all around.

Who is your favorite fictional movie hacker?

The kid from war-games, I really click with 1. Having the curiosity to just hack and THEN deal with the consequences and 2. Using your skills to impress the ladies!

If you could give one piece of advice to an aspiring hacktivist, what would it be?

Be prepared to be caught. Doing something just because you can is different then because you should. If you feel like you just have to, be prepared to pay the price because if you truly believe in your cause it’s the least you will need to pay for it. Also, if you expect to get caught your less likely to snitch, don’t snitch kids.

Define snitching. Would notifying the police about someone victimizing others be considered snitching (e.g you discover a person distributing child pornography, recruiting for ISIS, etc)?

No, I think everyone would understand the above, having had a past in trying to catch pedos and stop recruiting efforts it’s a different thing “working for law enforcement” and snitching. If you go out and overhear a group of hackers, then call the authorities because they hacked someone, your dry snitching. If your part of the group and get caught, then do the same, you’re a snitch and a POS.

Name a song you’ve recently listened to

I just listened to the whole matrix soundtrack which is great because R.A.T.M. is on it and the instrumentals are great old techno.

Have you ever clicked on a dirty link and got owned?

Can’t say I have, I have in my younger days done some dumb things but seriously cant say I have ever been owned. Its not from skill or anything just really haven’t put myself in the spot for it to happen OR been cocky enough.

Did you ever install bonzi buddy?

I have not, but I do remember it being like packaged with fucking everything, I was pretty keen on the dumbness of browser bar tools at an early age.

Why does firefox suck so bad these days?

Well, each browser kind of had to find its niche. Sad to say however they all kind of do have their own specialty. Firefox ESR isn’t too bad and if your doing pentests firefox works great as it has a large plugin base but then again, google is getting caught up.

Favorite meme?

Don’t have a favorite meme, pretty much anything that is offensive will cause me to chuckle.

What’s the hardest part about being a 1337 hacker?

The target on my back. Its hard to stay loyal to the scene and not break the law. Everyone wants help “hacking facebook” or “hacking an email account” but few understand how much I would be giving up if I ever got caught doing that again. My current motto changes between “Never Stop Learning” and “I still hack, I just get paid for it now!” . A lot of people would love the chance to hack another hacker for the sake of creds so I have no choice but to be very safe.

Do you think it’s safe to say anyone asking you to do anything illegal probably isn’t your friend or have your best interests in mind?

Yeah and on top of that, they likely aren’t very smart. Monitoring via FBI software on my computer has and will continue to be a part of my life until I’m off probation. So from the get go any “operation” you suggest is already in their hands haha!

You can read more about Hig Ochoa aka w0rmer over at

or, in his own wordsDear Anonymous & fellow Americans

Follow Hig on Twitter @0x686967

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Staying Safer Online

Always use Tor or a VPN, or both.  Keep all of your devices and browsers updated.

Clicking Links

The golden rule is never click links.  You can preview them first on any link shortener previewer.  Just bookmark them for easier access.
http://www.getlinkinfo.com/
http://www.expandurl.net/
http://www.checkshorturl.com/
http://wheredoesthislinkgo.com/

Tor

Make sure to download Tor from their main website – https://www.torproject.org/
Any downloads should be done directly from Tor’s website, that includes phone apps.  There are phony apps in the app stores  https://www.torproject.org/download/download.html.en
Don’t add any addons to Tor.  You have to look like everyone else.

VPN

Use a VPN whose main address is not in the United States and not in an NSA friendly country.
Which VPN Services Keep You Anonymous in 2017? https://torrentfreak.com/vpn-services-anonymous-review-2017-170304/

Phones

If anything asks for a phone number (although you should avoid the service if possible if they ask for one), use burner phones or public phones in coffee shops or such.  Buy the burner phones at any store and pay CASH.

Email

Never use your real email address in anything you want kept private. For example, have an email address you only use for Facebook, have an email address you only use for Twitter, etc. And don’t have email addresses the same as your username, because it would be easy to guess an email address to hack.  
For example:
Tumblr / Twitter / Instagram username @JohnSmith is using email addy – JohnSmith@gmail dot com
Do not do the above because the email address is easily guessable.  Add numbers or extra words to the email addy such as JohnSmith2017OMGlulz@gmail or whichever email service you use.  
Note:People actually put their REAL NAMES on their email addresses and on many other services!  Don’t do that!

Personal Information

Keep your mouth shut about your personal info.  Many, many people tweet all their info and pictures. Don’t post pictures of your children, your job, etc.
Don’t tweet personal pictures of yourself because a google image search can, in many cases, reveal who you are. Especially if the picture has been placed anywhere else online.  Google doesn’t index all pictures but does index a good deal of them.
Even mentioning seemingly innocuous information can lead to hackers being able to guess your security questions.

Timezones

Change your timezone in all your accounts to trick people. People can deduce your location from what timezone you use. If you live in the Eastern timezone, choose Pacific, or use GMT, Etc. 

Twitter DMs 

Twitter employees can and do read your DMs. There is also always the risk that someone may hack your accounts and read your DMs. If sharing info – instead of DMs, use Privnote.  You can set it up to expire once it’s been read.  https://privnote.com/
Using Tor Messenger will encrypt your twitter DMs.  It’s still in Beta. https://blog.torproject.org/category/tags/tor-messenger

Other Useful Links 

A good private chat room for groups seems to be https://www.chatcrypt.com/.
Great guide for many privacy services – https://www.privacytools.io/
Tips, Tools and How-tos for Safer Online Communications

credit and thanks to @kaidinn for taking their time to write out the core lessons of this article
I’ve edited this article from the original, the original article can be found here – https://pastebin.com/uX17HnHi

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